Learning Outcomes: Academia’s Addiction to a Highly Problematic Model

Krzyszof Lubieniecki (1727). School Teacher. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in Warsaw. Wikimedia commons

Backwards course design is appealing because on one level it makes sense. The steps take the following form:

Step 1) figure out what’s important for students to know and do at the end of the course,

Step 2) write learning outcomes, (LOs)